After you’ve overcome the challenges of constructing your undertaking, are you fearful that the end may smash all of your work?  That’s the way in which I felt about quite a lot of my tasks, however with apply and training, I’ve overcome most of these fears.  We’ll present you tips on how to get began to get some nice ending outcomes.

What sorts of finishes are there?

There are many sorts of finishes, which is why this may be so complicated.  Here are the 5 foremost sorts of finishes which might be generally used:

– Oil Finish – oil finishes are used primarily on positive furnishings and mid century trendy furnishings.  It’s straightforward to use however doesn’t supply a lot safety from liquids.  Boiled linseed oil, Danish oil, and Tung oil are the commonest oils used for ending.  Mineral oil is used for a meals grade end on chopping boards, charcuterie boards, picket bowls, and cooking utensils.
– Shellac Finish – a shellac end is often discovered on older furnishings and antiques.  This is a quick drying end that protects the wooden, however it dissolves with alcohol, so it’s not good for surfaces the place alcoholic drinks can be current
– Lacquer Finish – that is additionally a quick drying end and it’s not broken by alcohol.  Lacquer is used on quite a lot of factory-made furnishings as a result of it dries shortly to assist excessive manufacturing charges. The downside is, it is a very poisonous end and must be used with quite a lot of security precautions.
– Polyurethane Finish – it is a movie end that’s sturdy and protects the wooden nicely from put on and tear.  It’s typically criticized for trying like plastic and taking away from the look of the wooden.  Polyurethane is obtainable in a water-based and oil-based end.  The oil-based end has a heat yellow tone to it whereas the water-based polyurethane has a transparent look.
– Varnish Finish – it is a distinctive oil-based end that’s versatile sufficient for use on outside furnishings the place the wooden expands and contracts.  When the wooden strikes, the end strikes with it and stays intact as an alternative of splitting and breaking down.

Wax is just not a end by itself, however is utilized in mixture with one other end as a high coat.

Recommendation for Beginners

With all these decisions, the place do you begin as a newbie?  Here’s what we advocate.


A phrase of warning about finishes – quite a lot of finishes use chemical compounds that you simply shouldn’t inhale.  Make certain you employ a respirator with an natural filter.  When you put on a correctly becoming respirator, you gained’t be capable of scent the end.  Also defend your pores and skin from absorbing the end by carrying gloves.

Don’t use Stains

Pigment stains can disguise the star of the present – the wooden.  I’ve seen many tasks the place the stain has ruined the look of a bit as a result of the woodworker didn’t know what they had been doing.  As a brand new woodworker I recommend not utilizing stains.  If you need your undertaking to have a darkish tone to it, use darkish wooden equivalent to walnut.  For a medium tone, use cherry or hickory.  Let the wooden you select present it’s character and wonder!

Selecting a Finish

For newcomers, I recommend retaining it easy and minimizing the instruments you want.  Use both an oil end or a wipe-on polyurethane.  You gained’t want brushes or have to study brushing methods.

An oil end will defend the wooden from minor mud and dust, however it gained’t defend it a lot from moisture, equivalent to a consuming glass.  If you anticipate your piece getting used to set glasses or dishes on, you’ll need to use a polyurethane end.

A wipe-on polyurethane end goes on a lot thinner than a brushed on polyurethane.  For surfaces the place there can be quite a lot of use, I recommend 6 coats of wipe-on end to construct up a thicker protecting layer.

Warning: When you’re completed making use of a end, ensure that to correctly eliminate the applying material.  Oily rags can warmth up and begin on hearth all by themselves.  Ensure you learn an perceive the label in your end to keep away from a hearth.

See instruments we use in our workshop and the instruments we advocate:

For extra woodworking information or to contact us straight, go to our web site

Hosted by Scott Bennett, proprietor of Wooden It Be Nice – Custom Woodworking in Brooklin, Ontario

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