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Apply layers of milk paint so as to add depth and distinction to your work.
A customer requested, “Paint over wood? Aren’t you obscuring wood’s natural beauty?”
There are two assumptions behind these questions: Wood is of course lovely. Paint is thick, seems to be like plastic and hides no matter it covers. I’d say each assumptions are partially right.
Paint can unify disparate woods, or add shade and selection. It may even spotlight lovely woods. In this text, black over purple paint supplies a body, showcasing this desk’s unpainted, shellacked walnut prime.
Why Milk Paint?
Milk paint’s thinness requires various coats. It dries to a tough and chalky floor, and must be burnished so as to add depth and smoothness. Plus, the matte end of milk paint generally must be coated with one other end (when you like a shine). So why use it?
If most paints are a woolen coat, milk paint is a silk costume. Exceptionally skinny, milk paint permits each pore and development ring in the wooden to indicate by way of. Its thinness additionally permits using washcoats, that are a skinny layer of shade (black, in this case) painted over a special base shade (purple). The base shade peeks by way of, including depth.
True milk paint comes as a powder and is made with milk casein, pigments and lime or borax. Some petrochemical paint producers promote a pre-mixed “milk paint” that’s really matte acrylic paint; it doesn’t have the thinness of true milk paint.
In this text, I present you methods to apply my hottest end to a desk – two or three coats of purple, so as to add heat and depth, underneath a black washcoat. A ultimate black streaking coat offers the delicate look of graining – but in addition permits the wooden’s grain to indicate by way of. I then burnish the paint to boost a sheen and apply shellac and wax so as to add luster.
So comply with together with the photographs and provides it a strive your self. I believe you’ll see that conventional milk paint has a well-deserved place in the trendy store.
1) Mix it up. Mix paint one-to-one with sizzling water. The ratio of water to color can range by model and shade, however it is a good start line. Stir it completely with a stick then let it sit for an hour or so to permit any undissolved paint particles to melt.
2) Skim the froth. There will doubtless be a layer of froth on prime of the paint. This is troublesome to color with, so spoon off the froth till you get right down to the watery-looking paint (you’ll see the distinction).
3) Strain it. To take away any strong particles, pressure it by way of an automotive paint strainer into one other container. A chunk of paint-strainer bag from the ironmongery shop additionally works nicely. Thin it as crucial, aiming for the consistency of skinny cream (measuring roughly 9 to 11 seconds with a #4 Ford viscosity cup). Add water slowly; small portions of water can profoundly change the viscosity.
4) Some adhesion crucial. When portray dense woods or woods with pitch (pine, maple, and so forth.) stir adhesion additive into the primary coat to stop the paint from peeling. The additive is bought by milk paint producers; combine in line with the directions. It modifications the look of the paint, so use it solely in the primary coat.
5) Different strokes. I exploit a Purdy 1 1⁄2″ sash brush with artificial bristles from the ironmongery shop to use the paint. Hold it loosely like a pencil, along with your fingers on the metallic ferrule. The quantity of paint on the comb is kind of essential. This is managed by how far the comb is dipped into the paint and the way a lot paint you wipe off the comb. The smaller the floor being painted, the much less paint must be on the comb. Generally, I dip the bristles 1⁄4″ to 1⁄2″ into the paint, then wipe one or either side towards the lip of the jar.
6) Spread it out. You’ll go away a puddle wherever you first put your brush, so begin on comparatively flat space, transfer on, get the comb drier, then come again and clear up the puddle.
7) Light contact. Try to the touch the wooden gently with solely the final 1⁄4″ of the bristles. This reduces splatter and leaves a smoother floor.
8) With the grain. At first you may paint in no matter path is best, no matter grain path (above), so long as the ultimate strokes are parallel with the grain and so long as doable (beneath). Try to land the comb gently whereas it’s already transferring ahead, like an airplane quite than a helicopter. This helps hold brush marks to a minimal.
9) Low-angle brushing. Keep paint off an adjoining floor by holding your brush at a low angle relative to the floor you’re portray. I’m leaving the underside and prime of my desk unpainted.
11) Further coats. On subsequent coats, use paint with out adhesion additive, and paint precisely as earlier than. Sometimes two coats is sufficient, however I often want three and generally 4 coats. Continue to sand raised grain between coats as wanted.
12) Black wash. A washcoat is a coat of paint utilized skinny sufficient to see by way of. The paint must be so skinny that the purple undercoat can simply barely be seen by way of the black as you’re portray it on. The washcoat has to go on very evenly or it’s going to look splotchy.
13) Brisk portray. The washcoat must go on shortly, but gently. It must be a definite layer on prime of the undercoat. Working the paint an excessive amount of will soften the bottom coats, mixing it into the washcoat (as seen the place I’m pointing). A barrier coat of shellac between the 2 colours will forestall this drawback and is likely to be helpful in your first few paint jobs. But don’t return and repair any missed spots – you’ll make a blotchy mess. Missed spots may be coated on the streaking coat, and even left altogether.
14) A pleasant streak. I comply with the washcoat with a streaking coat, the place two-thirds of each floor is painted. It’s virtually like graining. Barely contact the bristles to the wooden, so among the bristles contact and a few don’t. This sounds tough, but it surely’s no harder than the washcoat. Anything that outcomes in lengthy strains going with the grain seems to be good. Stutter marks throughout the grain don’t look nearly as good.
15) Smooth it out. In its pure state, milk paint seems to be like chalk and appears like sandpaper. It must be burnished (however wait a day or so for the paint to fully dry). Use a maroon Scotch-Brite pad to rub it down. You may rub by way of the paint on sharp corners, however it is a aspect impact (if a considerably nice one), not the aim.
16) Steel wool. Some paint manufacturers (corresponding to Old Fashioned Milk Paint) will burnish to a reasonably excessive sheen. Test your paint to see if #000 steel wool has any impact. With metal wool, strain is what causes the sheen, so push on the wool as arduous as you may. This will add luster and visible depth to the end. Wear marks, nonetheless, aren’t my goal; I discover that objects put on quick sufficient with out accelerating the method.
17) Finishing touches. I exploit a skinny mixture of shellac because the end for the unpainted prime, in addition to for the topcoat over the paint. A medium-dark shellac is good over darkish paints, however a light-colored shellac is healthier for lighter paints. Wiping varnish additionally works nicely.
18) Top it off. Shellac, and a few wiping varnishes, dry extraordinarily shiny and have to be in the reduction of with #00zero metal wool. Dip the wool in wax for lubrication. Rub it on and wipe off the surplus. Then let the wax dry for a few minutes earlier than buffing with a rag. Paste wax utilized over shellac tends to go away white dots in wooden pores, so I exploit BioShield’s liquid wax combined with coconut oil. It smells barely tropical!
All the colours. Milk paint is offered in an array of hues – plus you may mix them for customized colours. Working with them is a variety of enjoyable – give it a strive!
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